Deborah Lou Turbeville (July 6, 1932 – October 24, 2013) was an American fashion photographer. Although she started out as a fashion editor at Harper’s Bazaar, she became a photographer in the 1970s.
She is widely credited with adding a darker, more brooding element to fashion photography, beginning in the early 1970s – she, Guy Bourdin and Helmut Newton changed it from traditional, well-lit images into something much more “edgy” looking. However, unlike the “urban erotic underworld” portrayed by her contemporaries, Turbeville’s aesthetic tended towards “dreamy and mysterious,” a delicate female gaze. She was the only woman and only American among this trio. In 2009, Women’s Wear Daily wrote that Turbeville transformed “fashion photography into avant-garde art.”